Chris Gillis

about me

Totes, the chainable, extensible assertion framework for javascript

28 Jul 2014

Totes is a chainable, extensible assertion framework for javascript. I wrote totes because I wanted to create an API that is easy to understand. I also wanted assertions that were chainable. At the core, totes has an Assertable object that has a value property and two functions: isTrue and isFalse. Everything else that totes can do is an extension on the Assertable prototype.

Totes is also easy to use. To get an instance of Assertable, you need to get a reference to the expect function and pass in a value that you want to make some assertions against:

var expect = require('totes').expect;

var assertable = expect('any value');

From there you can make any assertions you need to against the value you passed into expect:




You can, as the title suggests, chain assertions because each assertion returns the Assertable object itself:


There are many different types of assertions built onto assertable. To add more assertions you just need to extend the prototype of Assertable. To illustrate this, let’s look at the isZero assertion.

Assertable.prototype.isZero = function(){
	return this.isTrue(check, 'Failed isZero() assertion', {
		actual: this.value,
		expected: '0'
	function check(val){
		return val === 0;

Notice that the isZero function returns this.isTrue(...). The first argument is a function that will take a value and produce a true value when the assertion passes. When the value returned is anything other than exactly true (including "true"), isTrue will throw an AssertionError which will be handled by the test runner. isTrue passes whatever value is passed into expect into the function argument. For example in this snippet:


isTrue will pass 0 into the check function, which will return true because 0 === 0 is true.

In future blog posts I will talk more about the internals of Totes and give some real examples of it being used in real projects. I would love to hear from anyone using it to tell me about their experiences using it, and of course I’m accepting pull requests.